The Limitations of Human Imagination

There are those out there who dismiss recent worries about brain injuries in sports as too much whining from millionaires. When an athlete comes out with these concerns, as English soccer player Alan Shearer recently did, they are often mocked for their candor.

The reasons for this are because of the status of those players and the difficulty for people to understand the complex and long-term damage. On the status point, it’s easy to dismiss the issues that affect those who have had in their lives the kind of luck most people only dream of. Alan Shearer has not only made a great deal of money playing soccer, for instance, he has enjoyed decades of acclaim for his skill, moving seamlessly from a career as a player to a career as a commentator. He’s widely respected for both efforts and widely liked.

It can be difficult, when confronted by someone who seems to have so many positives in their lives, to take their complaints seriously. Surely any negative consequences have been earned by some sort of karma. While that thought may be rarely voiced, it is a common enough emotional response. More viciously, some revel in seeing those who have done well get torn down either by their own faults or by some kind of cruel fate. Should Shearer develop dementia, as he fears, there will certainly be those who are pleased by this fact.

On the second point, modern life has shown in many ways the limitation of the human imagination. For instance, mankind regularly runs up against the limits of their empathy. While it is easy enough to rally a town around a known person in their midst who needs help, it is harder to raise interest in issues that affect far more people but at a greater distance. It is for that reason that large funds can be raised for an individual but little is done about, say, a famine in Africa or a drought in southern Asia.

In the same way, humans struggle to picture the consequences of long-term actions. When a player is injured in the midst of a game, the reaction is one of genuine and instant empathy. However, long-term damage done slowly is hard to imagine, and so people react skeptically.

While some may dismiss the issues of Alan Shearer and others in the professional sports world, the consequences of these issues affect a far wider range of people.

For instance, many amateur athletes, including children, are starting in the process of developing these long-term brain injuries. Also, since it is so hard to get people to react without skepticism to long-term issues, it is harder to prove fault in brain injury cases.

It is, therefore, useful to take both Shearer’s example and the example of the reaction to his confession as a sign more must be done to help us overcome the limitations of our minds. These are serious issues, and only through picturing them more clearly will more be done to help those affected.

Cosmetic Surgery and Breast Cancer Victims

For many people, the physical effects of cancer are mostly associated with loss of hair or other visible bodily deformities. Breast cancer survivors have a high risk of having their breasts removed to prevent further growths from occurring. These patients can experience many physical and psychological traumas during their cancer treatment process. For them to avoid further damaging their self-worth, many breast cancer survivors opt for breast reconstruction from skilled plastic surgeons. Through the efforts of their physician, these women can experience normalcy in their day to day life that previously would not have been available for them.

While there are some members of society who view plastic surgery and physical modification as a dangerous slope towards an identity crisis, there is an unbelievably large amount of possible applications for cosmetic surgery. The efforts of doctors who specialize in cosmetic reconstructions have the potential to heal the sides of a person’s psychology that no other option would. The brain is a beautiful organ in the way that it gives each person an individual consciousness and self-identity; however, it is an instrument of mayhem when a person loses their self-worth due to excruciating circumstances such as cancer of any kind. Cancer, in general, can wreak untold havoc on the lives of patients and their family members or support network. The alarming increase in cases of breast cancer for the United States has recently been linked to several leading causes. Diet, specifically the consumption of dairy and red meats, can cause an increase in cancer activity throughout the body. Typically in breast cancer scenarios, the patient will be given the option to remove the breasts as a preventative measure known as a mastectomy. These procedures can leave patients feeling incomplete. The role cosmetic surgery plays in healing these cases of incompleteness is crucial in the future of breast cancer patients around the world.

Once the breast has been removed many women can experience extreme cases of dysphoria. In today’s Western society, breasts are over sexualized and equated with womanhood. The societal expectations alone are one of the main reasons for women to undergo breast reconstruction due to breast cancer. These women are merely attempting to regain normalcy in their appearance so they can continue their lives as they did before.

To conclude, in any case, clients are extremely pleased with their newly constructed breasts as they have liberated them from the previous state of deformity and barrenness. Innovations in the field of cosmetic surgery have allowed for doctors to successfully re-engineer the body in a manner that is visually and psychologically healing. The list of applications for cosmetic surgery continues to grow as the public becomes more comfortable with such procedures. While there are typically oppositions to cosmetic surgery, it is important to realize the potential for positive effects on the overall well being of a person. We are beings of thought, so it is only natural for us to desire to think of our image in a way that is satisfying.




Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract; it belongs to a group of conditions known as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). IBD actually includes Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, an inflammatory bowel disease that causes long-lasting inflammation and sores (ulcers) in the innermost lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum.

Crohn’s disease is a form of internal disorder that belongs to a group of conditions known as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). An estimated 780,000 Americans is said to be affected with this chronic inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract and, though men and women are equally likely to be affected, it is more widespread among adolescents and young adults aged from 15 to 35.

It is not well understood what actually causes Crohn’s disease; however, recent research suggests that environmental factors and genetics are contributory factors. Its symptoms also vary from one patient to another, the most common, however, according to a Valley Stream Crohn’s disease doctor, include: pain, severe diarrhea, bloody stool, fatigue, weight loss, decreased appetite, abdominal pain, abdominal cramps, and fever.

In treating inflammatory bowel diseases, the goal is to reduce the inflammation that is responsible for triggering the signs and symptoms. There is no cure for IBD, unfortunately, but many treatment options exist to help relieve the symptoms on a daily basis, including:

  • anti-inflammatory drugs
  • immune system suppressors
  • antibiotics
  • other types of medications
  • surgery

Even if one may think that he/she is showing signs of IBD, especially Crohn’s disease symptoms, only proper testing performed by a Gastroenterologist can render a diagnosis. A gastroenterologist is a physician specializing in diseases of the digestive system (also called the gastrointestinal tract or GI tract); he/she treats conditions that affect the esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines (colon), and biliary system, which include the liver, the pancreas, the gallbladder, and the bile ducts.


The Dangers of Transvaginal Meshes

A transvaginal mesh is a device surgically implanted to patients who may suffer from pelvic organ prolapse, stress urinary incontinence, and other similar issues that may be associated with childbirth and menopause. The hammock-like structure of the device is efficient in supporting muscles, ligaments, and pelvic organs that may be displaced.

Obviously, the transvaginal mesh is there to help patients recover, but there are instances where the device that is meant to help patients is the very thing that causes them harm. According to the website of Williams Kherkher, those who have sustained complications because of transvaginal meshes may take legal action against those responsible.

Possible Complications from Transvaginal Mesh
Erosion: Meshes are delicate devices and have the tendency to erode, break into pieces, or shrink. Eroding meshes wear through the patient’s tissues, causing pain. If the meshes break into pieces, the parts may also be dangerous enough to cut tissues and organs, with the vagina as the most vulnerable body part. Typically, the solution to mesh erosion is the removal and replacement of the mesh, but it doesn’t change the fact that damage has been inflicted upon the patient.

Infection: Since meshes have hammock-like structures, there are instances where the small spaces in the devices become the home of bacteria and other organisms that may cause infection. If the infection is bad enough, it may even lead to further complications, such as sores and pus buildup. Infection can take place upon the surgical implanting of the device or when the device is already in place.

Symptoms of Transvaginal Mesh Complications
Erosion and infection can be very dangerous to a patient’s health, and there are symptoms that can be monitored to see if the patient is experiencing an abnormality in her transvaginal mesh, such as the following:

  • Mesh exposure
  • Painful or unbearable sexual activity
  • Pain in urinating
  • Urinary problems such as retention

Factors that May Affect Claims
Lawsuits become more viable if the damages are clearer and more visible. The most common damages include injuries, complications, medical costs, lost time at work, loss of earning capability due to physical limitations, and unnecessary pain and suffering caused by defective products.

Patients may get compensation depending on the gravity of these damages. Other factors are also considered to identify the severity of the case, such as the patient’s health before the medical procedure, how the defective product has changed that health condition, and how the defective product has caused unnecessary damages such as bodily injuries and financial costs.

An Overview On The Different Types of Crimes Against Property

Crimes against property are criminal acts committed against another person’s property. While they are considered less serious than violent crimes, they are still felony charges. Property crimes are those actions that also deprive an individual from using their property. The website of Truslow & Truslow, Attorneys at Law reveal that criminal charges at any level should be taken seriously. Here we will look at the different crimes against property.


Larceny is a category of theft that involves the taking and assuming of someone else’s property. There is an intention to permanently deprive the true owner of the property.


Arson is the willful and malicious burning of a property or structure. Long ago, arson was restricted to acts of a person who sets fire to a house or residence of another property. Today, it now covers other types of property whether commercial, forest land, and boats. It is classified as a felony due to the potential harm it can cause.


Vandalism is the act of causing damage to a property or structure. Even though a property is not totally destroyed, vandalism is still a criminal act. It may include actions such as spray painting another person’s automobile, digging up a public garden, or throwing a rock to break someone else’s window.


Robbery is the use of force or threat in order to take the money or property of another person. Simple robbery can become aggravated robbery if you are armed or claim to be armed with a deadly weapon.


Embezzlement happens when a person illegally obtains the property or asset that has been entrusted to that person’s care. When an employee
entrusted with the money of their employer uses it for their own, that employee is guilty of embezzlement.


Burglary is the act of breaking in and entering into a structure for the purpose of committing another crime. Although it is usually associated with theft, burglary involves unlawful entry for the purpose of committing a crime.

The Ultimate Guide To Motorcycle Safety Gear

Compared to other vehicles, accidents involving motorcycles can be devastating. The driver does not have any kind of protection which makes them prone to any kind of injury or even death. According to the website of Karlin, Fleisher & Falkenberg, LLC, bikers can sustain serious or life-threatening injuries which could require prolonged and costly treatment. Figures from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) revealed that 4,586 people died from motorcycle accidents in 2014. In that same year, there were 92,000 injuries, a 4.5 percent increase from 2013.

Given the potential danger that you could face when driving a motorcycle, it is important to ensure that you wear protective gear. All those falling, sliding, and crashing can take its toll on your body. When you get involved in an accident, you could end up in the hospital or in a wheelchair. So if you could invest on a two-wheeled vehicle, why not spend on protective equipment as well. Here are some of the available gear you can invest on for your own good.


A helmet protects your head from the impact of a collision with other vehicles or from other hard objects. Without a helmet, you could end up with a brain injury and leave you permanently disabled. Statistics from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety revealed that helmets are 37 percent effective in preventing motorcycle deaths and 67 percent effective in preventing brain injuries.


Next to the helmet, the glove is another important safety gear that you must have when riding a motorcycle. During collisions, we have the tendency to catch our fall with our hands which makes it susceptible to injuries or heavy wounds. Gloves will protect your hands from the impact as well as from abrasion. Make sure that it has a retention strap so your wrist will be wrapped tightly. Most gloves will also include armor for your hands and knuckles.

Jackets, Pants, and Suits

Jackets, pants, and suits will protect your body from high-speed crashes and collisions. It will also protect you from abrasions. The protective suit will usually include a body armor, elbow pads, and back protectors.


Just like the hands, your feet and ankles can be easily injured when exposed. Being run over by other vehicles can result to serious foot or ankle injury and you may not be able to walk again.

Motorcycle accidents can happen anytime. Remove the notion that nothing will happen to you because they can strike anytime. Hence, you should always be ready and protect yourself at all times

Carrying Car Liability Insurance: A Mandate in the US

Purchasing a collision insurance policy may be the most logical way of protecting your car, meaning, of you having the needed cash for repairs or replacement in case it gets damaged in an accident or catches fire, or gets stolen. To be able to afford, and not default on paying, compensatory damages to a victim of an accident wherein you are at fault, then the best way is to carry car liability insurance.

Collision insurance, which you may or may not want to purchase, is designed to protect you; a car liability insurance, however, which is designed to protect an innocent accident victim, is something that you will need to have as it is mandated in all US states, with the exception of New Hampshire and Virginia.

The car insurance law was first made compulsory in 1925 in the states of Massachusetts and Connecticut. Other states eventually also enacted their own mandatory car insurance liability laws. The reason behind the mandate is to make sure that at-fault drivers do not default on paying accident victims the compensation the court has declared them worthy to receive.

The type of car insurance coverage that drivers will need to purchase depends on what is required in the state where they reside. In tort states, drives need to carry the tort liability insurance coverage; in no-fault states, however, what drivers need to have is no-fault car insurance, also known as Personal Injury Protection (PIP).

Under the tort insurance system, an accident victim is allowed to file a civil lawsuit against the at-fault driver for damages, which include cost of medical treatment and hospitalization, loss of wages, pain and suffering. A total of 38 states require this type of coverage on all their drivers.

In states where the no-fault car insurance coverage is required, however, compensation is paid by the respective insurance providers of the drivers involved in an accident. This eliminates the need for the victim to file a civil lawsuit against the at fault driver, as compensation will be paid regardless of who is at fault in the accident. No-fault insurance is required in Florida, Hawaii, Kansas, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, North Dakota, and Utah. In the states of Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Kentucky, drivers have the option to carry either no-fault car insurance or full tort car insurance.

One bothering thing, though, is the fact that not all drivers carry car liability insurance because they find insurance premiums too costly to pay. Drivers can go to independent car insurance companies for help in finding the best possible policy regardless of their driving record and the kind of car they drive. These companies help make sure that drivers also get the policy that will not be a burden to their pocket.

Inspecting Your Truck Before a Trip

Trucks are the prime movers of the economy. We rely on them much for the delivery of our everyday goods. Without them, it would be impossible to shop for your weekly groceries, or receive packages from a friend living afar. With this high demand for trucks, it is impossible not to share roads with them. However, lawyers from the Sampson Law Firm say sharing roads with these colossal vehicles makes pedestrians and other drivers more prone to truck-related incidents. So to avoid getting into any trouble, it is important to inspect your truck first before hitting the road. You may do a clockwise check of your truck for your pre-trip inspection. To guide you, here are the things to watch out for when checking your truck:

• Engine – Look for leaks under the truck. Check if your belt is cracked, bent, frayed or broken. Wires should be properly mounted. See if the coolant reservoir is not leaking. Engine oil, power steering oil, and coolant should all be in normal levels.

• Tires and rims – Check your tires for any bulge and cracks. Air pressure should be within the recommended level. The depth of your tire treads should not be less than what is recommended. If you have dual tires, make sure that there is nothing stuck between the two tires.

• Mirrors and lights – Headlights, tail lights, and turn lights should all be working properly. Mirrors should be clear of any dirt and smudge, and should be properly mounted to provide better visibility.

• Trailer – Check if your load is properly secured. Electric and air lines should be tightly mounted. Trailer suspensions should have no leaks. Frames should be free from any crack and there should be no missing cross members.

Inspecting your truck before hitting the road is necessary not just for your safety, but also for the safety of others who share the road with you.

Common Types of Rollover Accidents

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration categorizes rollover accidents in two ways, tripped and untripped. Of all single-vehicle rollover accidents, 95% of them are tripped. This simply means that something catches the tires and causes the vehicle to rollover. Though much less common, untripped vehicle rollovers are just as severe as tripped rollovers. These are caused when a driver attempts a collision avoidance maneuver at speed.

Unlike untripped rollovers, tripped rollovers are broken down into three subcategories.

The NHTSA identifies the subcategories as soft soil, guardrail, and steep slope. Soft soil rollovers are a result of a vehicle attempting to recover after veering of the road and having its wheel get caught in soft soil such as soft shoulders, pavement surface discontinuations, snow banks, or other object such as curbs. Guardrail rollovers are caused when a vehicle’s tires ride up on a ramp-like object causing one side of the vehicles to become airborne or lose contact with the road and forcing the vehicle into a roll. Similar to soft soil rollovers, steep slope rollovers are causes by a vehicle veering off the road and onto an inclined slope that is too steep for the vehicle to remain upright. The NHTSA recommends always having the electronic stability control system on a vehicle activated in order to help avoid loss of control when veering off the road.

While tripped rollovers generally occur off the road, untripped rollovers often occur while still on the pavement. Greenfield car accident attorneys point out that these generally happen when a top-heavy vehicles attempts change the direction of a vehicle too quickly and thereby causes a quick shift in weight that initiates the rollover. These are most common in large vehicles like loaded trucks, SUVs, and 18-wheelers. Numerous studies have confirmed that SUVs are far more likely, by as much as 75 percent, than many other vehicles to be involved in a rollover accident due to their design. This may be why it seems as though they are more expensive to insure. Higher risk of accidents translated to inflated premiums.

Though many of these accidents are often caused by the driver’s own negligent driving, in some cases these accidents are caused by someone else on the road or even the manufacturers of the vehicle. The website of Crowe & Mulvey, LLP states that many rollover accidents caused by a third party can be avoided if that other party had acted more responsibly. These cases are commonly associated with defective vehicle or tire manufacturing, road defects due to lack of maintenance or improper construction, and reckless or negligent driving by others.

Dangers of Flibanserin

Though it has been rejected twice by the FDA, Sprout Pharmaceutical has once again pushed for the approval of its drug flibanserin, also commonly referred to as Viagra for women. However, this time Sprout’s drug has been approved by the FDA despite the common risk associated with the drug.

Although the mission of the FDA, according to their website, is to ensure that drugs marketed in the U.S. are safe and effective, it is not surprising that often times, the FDA can fall short of accomplishing this due to outside forces and limited drug testing. Flibanserin is the latest example in the long list of drugs the FDA has approved even with knowledge of its negative side effects. These side effects include low blood pressure, fatigue, and fainting. In addition, dangers have been sited when the drug is used in combination with alcohol and birth control. There is also concern as the unknown effects the drug will have on pregnancy, fertility, and breast cancer.

The surprising approval comes amidst criticism citing the FDA’s failure to take female sexual dysfunction seriously. The FDA itself has acknowledge that flibanserin’s increase in sexually satisfying events among women per month by only 0.5 to 1 is questionable as a sufficient treatment to help women with low sex drives. They have also questioned whether the observed effects outweigh the safety concerns. Although it was rejected unanimously just five years ago, this year the drug has been approved by a vote of 18 to 6.

Unfortunately, in situations similar to this, it often takes a number of people being harmed before a drug is recalled or discontinued by the FDA. For example, according the website of the personal injury lawyers at Williams Kherkher, in 2010 it took 941 people suffering from instances of cardiac arrest before the FDA recalled the popular GranuFlo dialysate.

Understanding that there are risks involved with the approval of flibanserin, the FDA has added several safety restrictions to the drug. Panelists suggest that the FDA require special certification for doctors who may prescribe the drug. However, this is often ineffective in protecting patients. For example, Risperdal is only one of many drugs that the website of Williams Kherkher says has been wrongly prescribed by for unapproved, “off-label” uses.